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2008年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

http://kaoyan.eol.cn  中国教育在线考研频道    2009-11-12    

附:2008年硕士研究生入学考试英语试题答案及解析

Section I Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is 1  to say it anyway. He is that bird, a scientist who works independently 3  any institution. He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections, which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

5 he, however, might tremble at the of what he is about to do. Together with another two scientists, he is publishing a paper which not only 7  that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others, but explains the process that has brought this about. The group in 8 are a particular people originated from central Europe. The process is natural selection.

This group generally do well in IQ test, 9 12-15 points above the 10  value of 100, and have contributed 11  to the intellectual and cultural life of the West, as the 12  of their elites, including several world-renowned scientists,13 they also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts, 14 ave previously been thought unrelated. The former has been 15  social effects, such as a strong tradition of 16 ucation. The latter was seen as a (an) 17 genetic isolation. Dr. Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are intimately18 is argument is that the unusual history of these people has 19 em to unique evolutionary pressures that have resulted in this 20 ate of affairs.

1.[A] selected[B] prepared[C] obliged[D] pleased

2.[A] unique[B] particular[C] special[D] rare

3.[A] of[B] with[C] in[D] against

4.[A] subsequently[B] presently[C] previously[D] lately

5.[A] Only[B] So[C] Even[D] Hence

6.[A] thought[B] sight[C] cost[D] risk

7.[A] advises[B] suggests[C] protests[D] objects

8.[A] progress[B] fact[C] need[D] question

9.[A] attaining[B] scoring[C] reaching[D] calculating

10.[A] normal[B] common[C] mean[D] total

11.[A] unconsciously[B] disproportionately

[C] indefinitely[D] unaccountably

12.[A] missions[B] fortunes[C] interests[D] careers

13.[A] affirm[B] witness[C] observe[D] approve

14.[A] moreover[B] therefore[C] however[D] meanwhile

15.[A] given up[B] got over[C] carried on[D] put down

16.[A] assessing[B] supervising[C] administering[D] valuing

17.[A] development[B] origin[C] consequence[D] instrument

18.[A] linked[B] integrated[C] woven[D] combined

19.[A] limited[B] subjected[C] converted[D] directed

20.[A] paradoxical[B] incompatible[C] inevitable[D] continuous

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