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2004年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题答案

http://kaoyan.eol.cn  中国教育在线考研频道    2009-11-13    

Section I: Listening Comprehension (20 points)

Part A (5 points)

1. highlands  2. 20   3. mild   4. November   5. 22

Part B (5 points)

6.A (technology) forecaster;

7.government agencies;

8.(A) meaningful (exercise);

9.open to change;

10.Trust and cooperation.

Part C (10 points)

11. [D]12. [B]13. [C]14. [D]15. [A]

16. [C]17. [B]18. [A]19. [A]20. [C]

Section II: Use of English (10 points)

21. [C]22. [D]23. [A]24. [D]25. [A]

26. [B]27. [C]28. [D]29. [A]30. [B]

31. [A]32. [C]33. [D]34. [B]35. [A]

36. [B]37. [B]38. [D]39. [A]40. [C]

Section III: Reading Comprehension (50 points)

Part A (40 points)

41. [C]42. [A]43. [D]44. [B]45. [C]

46. [A]47. [D]48. [C]49. [B]50. [D]

51. [D]52. [A]53. [B]54. [A]55. [C]

56. [C]57. [A]58. [D]59. [B]60. [C]

Part B (10 points)

61.希腊人认为, 语言结构与思维过程之间存在着某种联系。这一观点在人们尚未认识到语言的千差万别以前就早已在欧洲扎下了根。

62.我们之所有感激他们 (两位先驱), 是因为在此之后, 这些 (土著) 语言中有一些已经不复存在了, 这是由于说这些语言的部族或是消亡了, 或是被同化而丧失了自己的本族语言。

63.这些新近被描述的语言与已经得到充分研究的欧洲和东南亚地区的语言往往差别显著, 以至于有些学者甚至指责Boas和Sapir编造了材料。

64.Whorf对语言与思维的关系很感兴趣, 逐渐形成了这样的观点:在一个社会中, 语言的结构决定习惯思维的结构。

65.Whorf进而相信某种类似语言决定论的观点, 其极端说法是:语言禁锢思维, 语言的语法结构能对一个社会的文化产生深远的影响。

Section IV: Writing (20 points)

66.参考范文

Look at this picture. A man is running toward the end of a race, sweating all over. Perhaps there is nothing special about the man and the race, yet the end line leaves a deep impression on us for it is both “finish line” and “starting line” if we look at it from a different angle.

The picture tells us a lot about life. An ordinary runner may think that his achievement calls for celebration for he has reached his goal. But an ambitious runner will well realize that his success is the starting point for a new race. Obviously, the way we look at things determines how far we will go. If we feel satisfied with the ability to read and write, perhaps we will not strive to get a college education. Again, if we think a Bachelor degree is quite enough, we will not take pains to pass the examination for postgraduate. Life is just like an endless race. If we don’t prepare for new races, we are either disqualified from the race or surpassed by others. That’s why the finish line is also a starting live.

I like this picture. I may have been running this endless race, but I have been pushed forward by my parents or people around me. From now on, I will become more active and take the initiative, for the picture has really enlightened me.

(233 words)

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