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2016年考研英语一真题原文及答案解析完整版

http://kaoyan.eol.cn  中国教育在线考研频道    2016-05-12    

  Section I Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  In Cambodia, the choice of a spouse is a complex one for the young male. It may involve not only his parents and his friends, __1 __ those of the young woman, but also a matchmaker. A young man can __2__a likely spouse on his own and then ask his parents to __3 __ the marriage negotiations, or the young man’s parents may make the choice of a spouse, giving the child little to say in the selection.__4__ , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. __5 __ a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying __6__ a good family.

  The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days, __7__ by the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and __8__ prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, __9__cotton threads soaked in holy water around the bride’s and groom’s wrists, and __10__ a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the __11__ . Newlyseds traditionally move in with the wife’s parents and may __12__ with them up to a year, __13__they can build a new house nearby.

  Divorce is legal and easy to __14__ ,but not common. Divoreced persons are __15__with some disapproval. Each spouse retains __16__ property he or she __17__ into the marriage, and jointly-acquired property is __18__ equally. Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice __19__ up: The divorced male doesn’t have a waiting period before he can remarry __20__ the woman must wait ten months.

  1. [A] by way of [B] on behalf of [C] as well as [D] with regard to

  [标准答案] [C] as well as

  [考点分析] 逻辑关系

  [选项分析] 因为考查逻辑关系,所以需要我们先对填空前后的原文信息做定位分析:空格处身处大环境not only…but also之中,这是一个明显的并列关系,表示“不仅……而且……”,该空后面的those指代前文出现的“parents and friends”,显然“the young man”与“the young woman”为并列关系,表示“与他本人以及伴侣的父母朋友相关”,所以答案只能是[C]项as well as 也,又。[A]项by way of 通过,[D]项with regard to 关于,[B]项on behalf of 代表。

  2. [A] adapt to [B] provide for [C] compete with [D] decide on

  [标准答案] [D] decide on

  [考点分析] 上下文语义

  [选项分析] 根据该句的主语a young man与宾语a likely spouse的关系,答案只能是[D]项decide on“决定”,表示自己决定自己的配偶。[B]项provide for为……提供准备……,provide为及物动词,直接跟宾语,不需要加介词;[C]项compete with“与……竞争”,[A]项adapt to“适用”。

  3. [A] close [B] remew [C] arrange [D] postpone

  [标准答案] [C] arrange

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] 该句意思为:他可以自己选择自己中意的伴侣并让父母_____婚姻谈判。四个选项中,[A]项close 关闭;[B]项renew 更新,恢复;[D]项postpone 推迟;这三项语义不正确,只有[C]项arrange“安排”符合语境。

  4. [A] Above all [B] In theory [C] In time [D] For example

  [标准答案] [B] In theory

  [考点分析] 上下文语义

  [选项分析] 逻辑判断题主要是看前后两句的含义,前面说“他可以自己选择自己中意的伴侣并让父母安排婚姻谈判,或者完全由父母选择对象,不给孩子选择的机会。”空格后面说“女方可以否决她父母所选择的对象。”这两句之间显然是相反的关系,且有一个may,更证明[B]项In theory“理论上说”的正确性,而其他选项[A]项Above all最重要的是,[C]项In time 准时,[D]项For example举例,均不符合题意。

  5. [A] Although [B] Lest [C] After [D] Unless

  [标准答案] [C] After

  [考点分析] 上下文语义

  [选项分析] 根据下文“______a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other…”可知,只有对象选择好后,父母才会去调查对方,显然表达的是时间先后顺序,所以只有after才对。其他选项[A]项Although 尽管, [B]项Lest 以免,唯恐,[D]Unless 除非,否则都不符合题意。

  6. [A] into [B] within [C] from [D] through

  [标准答案] [A] into

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及介词辨析

  [选项分析] 这里主要是看marry与相关介词的固定搭配及句意理解。这里marry into就是指“通过婚姻得到[成为]……的一员”,而其他选项均没有这层含义。

  7. [A] since [B] or [C] but [D] so

  [标准答案] [C] but

  [考点分析] 逻辑关系

  [选项分析] 根据上文“以前婚礼会持续三天”,出处句子意为“到了20世纪80年代,婚礼只持续一天半”,显然与前文发生转变,为对比关系,因此选择[C]项but 但是。

  8. [A] copy [B] test [C] recite [D] create

  [标准答案] [C] recite

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] 空格处需要填一个动词,和后面的prayers of blessing所搭配,[C]项recite 有“吟诵、朗诵”的意思,与所给短语搭配最为合理,译为“吟诵祝福的祈祷文”。

  9. [A] folding [B] piling [C] wrapping [D] tying

  [标准答案] [D] tying

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] 本题需要根据上下文语义分析,空格处需要搭配后文“棉线”,纵观四个选项[A]项 折叠,[B]项 堆积,[C]项 包裹,[D]项 系上,根据后文的“around the bride’s and groom’s wrists 在新郎和新娘的腰间”,只有[D]项“将在圣水中浸过的棉线系在新郎和新娘的腰间”符合句意。

  10. [A] passing [B] lighting [C] hiding [D] serving

  [标准答案] [A] passing

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] 原文空格需要填写一个动词与后文“around a circle”来搭配,译为“将蜡烛传一圈”,故[A]项“传递”为正确选项。[B]项 点亮,[C]项 隐藏,[D]项 服务。

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