中国教育在线
中国教育在线
2019考研英语(二)大作文热点话题预测:经济民生类二
2018-12-18
万学海文

  【考点考向】经济发展,竞争激烈,购买能力

  【必备主题词】

  1. 竞争:the competition in our country becoming increasingly fierce

  2. 压力:under the heavy pressure/stress of ...

  3. 经济发展/繁荣:advancement/boom/ prosperous/prosperity/prosper

  4. 就业机会增多: more opportunities for employment

  5. 就业困难:difficulty in finding a satisfying job

  6. 效率:high efficiency,

  7. 公平:fair/equal-fairness/equality

  8. 经济形势:economic trend/situation

  9. 经济危机:economic crisis

  10. 国内市场:homeland/domestic market

  11. 退款:refund

  12. 补偿:compensation

  13. 生活水平:living standard

  14. 购买能力:purchasing/buying power

  15. 华尔街:Wall Street

  16. 私家车:private automobile/traffic jam, air pollution, noise pollution

  【必备论证素材句】

  1. the change is closely related to the rising income of Chinese people.

  这种变化与中国人民日益增长的收入密切有关。

  2. the change has a lot to do with the turning of people’s towards and outlook in life.

  这种变化与人们的生活态度与人生观的转变密切相关。

  3. with the development of economy and society ,competition becomes increasingly fierce.

  随着经济的发展,竞争日益激烈。

  4. there is no denying the fact that education is of benefit to both personal growth and economic prosperity.

  这是一个不能否认的事实:教育对于个人发展和经济繁荣均有益处。

  5. with the speedy development of the economy and the increase in people’s

  Income,a large number of people could now afford a car.(are paying more attention to the features of a restaurant.)

  随着经济的迅猛发展和人们收入的增加,很多人有能力够买私家车。(很多人更加关注餐厅的特色。)

  6. a great many Chinese cities such as Beijing and Shanghai are being extended with the highways,for people in these cities,owning a private car can save them time and bring a lot of conveniences.

  中国很多像北京、上海这样的城市因高速公路的建成而大大扩展,对于这些城市的人来说,拥有私家车既可以节省时间,还能带来诸多方便。

  7. the amount of people studying abroad and the growth rate.

  出国留学人数及其增长率。

  8. how well we handle this social issue reflects the degree of civilization of our country .

  我们如何处理这个问题反映了我们国家的文明程度。

  9. Thanks to the global economy boom, people’s income has surged by leaps and bounds, which makes sure that they can afford mobile phones which have become a life necessity overnight rather than a luxury.

  由于全球经济的繁荣,人们的收入快速上升,这使得人们能买得起手机,而手机与奢侈品相比已经成为生活必需品。

  而且,

  10. Meanwhile, the price continues to drop as the technology advances, which is also responsible for this situation.

  科技的进步使得价格持续下降也导致了这一状态。

  11. Considering the population size in developing countries, the number of potential customers would be enormous, thus its market hadn’t reached saturation, leaving much room for growth.

  因为发展中国家的人口基数,潜在客户的数量很大,因此市场还没饱和,还有很大的上升空间。

  12. What’s more, we must admit that the government has released various favorable policies to support our native industries.

  我们必须意识到国家对于民族产业的政策支持。

  13. Considering the fierce competition, the awareness and abilities in innovations in this industries are enhancing, and so are the technologies.

  因为激烈的竞争,此行业创新意识和能力提高,技术迅速提高。

  【实战演练】

  Directions:

  Write an essay based on the following chart. In your essay, you should

  1) interpret the chart, and

  2) give your comments.

  You should write about 150 words on ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

  The bar chart given above describes the significant changes in the population of rural poverty during the period from 2013 to 2017 in China. Based on the data, we can see that there is a steady decrease in the number of the population of rural poverty from approximately 82.49 million to 30.46 million.

  It is no difficulty for us to come up with some possible factors to account for this trend. Firstly, thanks to the economy boom, the rapid development of rural economy has surged by leaps and bounds, which makes sure that the rural residents have opportunities in ever-mounting numbers to enhance their abilities. Secondly, as the technology advances, the communication technology continues to develop, which makes more and more rural people know the world through the Internet. They eager to escape from poverty, so people in rural area have given education a priority, which is also responsible for this situation. Last but not the least, we have to admit that our government has released some preferential policies to support the rural population.

  Taking into account what has been argued, we can come to the conclusion that this established trend is positive and therefore acceptable. And it is certain that this trend will continue in the years to come.

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