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2016考研英语二真题及答案(完整版)

http://kaoyan.eol.cn  万学教育    2015-12-26    

2016年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(二)真题及答案

(完整版)

  (注:以下选项标红加粗为正确答案)

Section I Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  Happy people work differently. They're more productive, more creative, and willing to take greater risks. And new research suggests that happiness might influence 1 firms work, too.

  Companies located in place with happier people invest more, according to a recent research paper. 2 , firms in happy places spend more on R&D(research and development).That's because happiness is linked to the kind of longer-term thinking 3 for making investment for the future.

  The researchers wanted to know if the 4 and inclination for risk-taking that come with happiness would 5 the way companies invested. So they compared U.S. cities' average happiness 6 by Gallup polling with the investment activity of publicly traded firms in those areas.

  7 enough, firms' investment and R&D intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were 8. But it is really happiness that's linked to investment, or could something else about happier cities 9 why firms there spend more on R&D? To find out, the researches controlled for various 10 that might make firms more likely to invest like size, industry , and sales-and-and for indicators that a place was 11 to live in, like growth in wages or population. They link between happiness and investment generally 12 even after accounting for these things.

  The correlation between happiness and investment was particularly strong for younger firms, which the authors 13 to "less confined decision making process" and the possible presence of younger and less 14 managers who are more likely to be influenced by sentiment.'' The relationship was 15 stronger in places where happiness was spread more 16. Firms seem to invest more in places.

  17 this doesn't prove that happiness causes firms to invest more or to take a longer-term view, the authors believe it at least 18 at that possibility. It's not hard to imagine that local culture and sentiment would help 19 how executives think about the future. It surely seems plausible that happy people would be more forward -thinking and creative and 20 R&D more than the average," said one researcher.

  1. [A] why                        [B] where                        [C] how                        [D] when

  2. [A] In return                [B] In particular                [C] In contrast                [D] In conclusion

  3. [A] sufficient                [B] famous                        [C] perfect                [D] necessary

  4. [A] individualism        [B] modernism                [C] optimism                [D] realism

  5. [A] echo                        [B] miss                                [C] spoil                        [D] change

  6. [A] imagined                [B] measured                        [C] invented                [D] assumed

  7. [A] sure                [B] odd                                [C] unfortunate        [D] often

  8. [A] advertised                [B] divided                        [C] overtaxed                [D] headquartered

  9. [A] explain                        [B] overstate                        [C] summarize                [D] emphasize

  10. [A] stages                        [B] factors                        [C] levels                        [D] methods

  11. [A] desirable                [B] sociable                        [C] reputable                [D] reliable

  12. [A] resumed                [B] held                                [C] emerged                [D] broke

  13. [A] attribute                [B] assign                        [C] transfer                [D] compare

  14. [A] serious                        [B] civilized                        [C] ambitious                [D] experienced

  15. [A] thus                                [B] instead                        [C] also                        [D] never

  16. [A] rapidly                        [B] regularly                        [C] directly                [D] equally

  17. [A] After                        [B] Until                                [C] While                [D] Since

  18. [A] arrives                        [B] jumps                        [C] hints                        [D] strikes

  19. [A] shape                        [B] rediscover                        [C] simplify                [D] share

  20. [A] pray for                 [B] lean towards                [C] give away                [D] send act

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