中国教育在线
中国教育在线
2018年研究生考试英语(二)真题(完整版)
2017-12-23
文都教育

  SectionⅠ Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A],[B], [C] or [D] on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  Why do people read negative Internet comments and do other things that will obviously be painful? Because humans have an inherent need to 1 uncertainty, according to a recent study in Psychological Science. The new research reveals that the need to know is strong that people will 2 to satisfy their curiosity even when it is clear the answer will 3 .

  In a series of experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of Chicago and the Wisconsin school of Business tested students’ willingness to 4 themselves to unpleasant stimuli in an effort to satisfy curiosity. For one 5 , each participant was shown a pile of pens that the researcher claimed were from a previous experiment. The twist? Half of the pens would 6 an electric shock when clicked.

  Twenty-seven students were told with pens were electrified; another twenty-seven were told only that some were electrified. 7 left alone in the room. The students who did not know which ones would shock them clicked more pens and incurred more shocks than the students who knew that would 8 . Subsequent experiments reproduced this effect with other stimuli, 9 the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard and photographs of disgusting insects.

  The drive to 10 is deeply rooted in humans, much the same as the basic drives for 11 or shelter, says Christopher Hsee of the University of Chicago. Curiosity is often considered a good instinct—it can 12 new scientific advances, for instance—but sometimes such 13 can backfire. The insight that curiosity can drive you to do 14 things is a profound one.

  Unhealthycuriosity is possible to 15 , however. In a final experiment, participants who were encouraged to 16 how they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less likely to 17 to see such an image. These results suggest that imagining the 18 of following through on one’s curiosity ahead of time can help determine 19 it is worth the endeavor. Thinking about long-term 20 is key to reducing the possible negative effects of curiosity,”Hsee says. In other words, don’t read online comments.

  1.A.ignore B.protect C.discuss D.resolve

  2.A.refuse B.seek C.wait D.regret

  3.A.rise B.last C.hurt D.mislead

  4.A.alert B.expose C.tie D.treat

  5.A.trial B.message C.review D.concept

  6.A.remove B.deliver C.weaken D.interrupt

  7.A.Unless B.If C.When D.Though

  8.A.change B.continue C.disappear D.happen

  9.A.such as B.rather than C.regardless of D.owing to

  10.A.disagree B.forgive C.discover D.forget

  11.A.pay B.food C.marriage D.schooling

  12.A.begin with B.rest on C.lead to D.learn from

  13.A.inquiry B.withdrawal C.persistence D.diligence

  14.A.self-deceptive B.self-reliant C.self-evident D.self-destructive

  15.A.trace B.define C.replace D.resist

  16.A.conceal B.overlook C.design D.predict

  17.A.choose B.remember C.promise D.pretend

  18.A.relief B.outcome C.plan D.duty

  19.A.how B.why C.where D.whether

  20.A.limitations B.investments C.consequences D.strategies

  Section IIReading Comprehension

免责声明:

① 凡本站注明“稿件来源:中国教育在线”的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属本网所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式复制发表。已经本站协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明“稿件来源:中国教育在线”,违者本站将依法追究责任。

② 本站注明稿件来源为其他媒体的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本站转载出于非商业性的教育和科研之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其内容的真实性。如转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者在两周内速来电或来函联系。

选学校
搜学校
查学校
选专业
搜专业
开设院校
找导师
搜导师
查分数
院校排行榜
高校排行
专业排行
相关新闻
新东方在线 2017-12-24