SectionI Use of English
Read thefollowing text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C or D on ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
Thinner isn’t alwaysbetter. A number of studies have __1___ that normal-weight people are in factat higher risk of some diseases compared to those who are overweight. And thereare health conditions for which being overweight is actually ___2___. Forexample, heavier women are less likely to develop calcium deficiency than thinwomen. ___3___ among the elderly, being somewhat overweight is often an ___4___of good health.
Of even greater___5___ is the fact that obesity turns out to be very difficult to define. Itis often defined ___6___ body mass index, or BMI. BMI ___7__ body mass dividedby the square of height. An adult with a BMI of 18 to 25 is often considered tobe normal weight. Between 25 and 30 is overweight. And over 30 is consideredobese. Obesity, ___8___,can be divided into moderately obese, severely obese,and very severely obese.
While such numericalstandards seem 9 , they are not. Obesity is probably lessa matter of weight than body fat. Some people with a high BMI are in factextremely fit, 10 others with a low BMI may be in poor 11 .For example, manycollegiate and professional football players 12 as obese, though theirpercentage body fat is low. Conversely, someone with a small frame may havehigh body fat but a 13 BMI.
Today we have a(an)_14 _ to label obesity as a disgrace. The overweight are sometimes_15_in themedia with their faces covered. Stereotypes _16_ with obesity include laziness,lack of will power, and lower prospects for success. Teachers, employers, andhealth professionals have been shown to harbor biases against the obese. _17_veryyoung children tend to look down on the overweight, and teasing about bodybuild has long been a problem in schools.
Negative attitudes toward obesity, ___18___ in health concerns, have stimulated a numberof anti-obesity ___19___. My own hospital system has banned sugary drinks fromits facilities.Many employers have instituted weight loss and fitnessinitiatives. Michelle Obama has launched a high-visibility campaign__20___ childhood obesity, even claiming that itrepresents our greatest national security threat.
|1.||A. denied||B. concluded||C. doubled||D. ensured|
|2.||A. protective||B. dangerous||C. sufficient||D. troublesome|
|3.||A. Instead||B. However||C. Likewise||D. Therefore|
|4.||A. indicator||B. objective||C. origin||D. example|
|5.||A. impact||B. relevance||C. assistance||D. concern|
|6.||A. in terms of||B. in case of||C. in favor of||D. in of|
|7.||A. measures||B. determines||C. equals||D. modifies|
|8.||A. in essence||B. in contrast||C. in turn||D. in part|
|9.||A. complicated||B. conservative||C. variable||D. straightforward|
|10.||A. so||B. while||C. since||D. unless|
|11.||A. shape||B. spirit||C. balance||D. taste|
|12.||A. start||B. quality||C. retire||D. stay|
|13.||A. strange||B. changeable||C. normal||D. constant|
|14.||A. option||B. reason||C. opportunity||D. tendency|
|15.||A. employed||B. pictured||C. imitated||D. monitored|
|16.||A. compared||B. combined||C. settled||D. associated|
|17.||A. Even||B. Still||C. Yet||D. Only|
|18.||A. despised||B. corrected||C. ignored||D. grounded|
|19.||A. discussions||B. businesses||C. policies||D. studies|
|20.||A. for||B. against||C. with||D. without|